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ruth chapter 4 commentary

9. Ruth 4:2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. In view of the fact that the ancients strongly preferred having sons rather than daughters, this statement that Ruth was better for Naomi that `seven sons' is "The supreme tribute. Boaz, of course, promptly did it, proclaiming his redemption of the land as well as his intention of marrying Ruth to raise up a son to carry forward the name and family of Elimelech. Naomi was a poor widow and probably could not command a very high price for the land; and besides that, in the year of Jubilee, which might not have been very far away, it would revert, theoretically, to Elimelech's heirs. Chapter four of the book of Ruth begins with a man named Boaz informing the family member who was next of kin in redeeming the land and heritage of Elimelech (Naomi’s husband), and that heritage included Ruth, his daughter-in-law.. So, let’s start reading Ruth 1:1. Ruth was obviously written to explain how David happened to be the descendant of a Moabite woman. Ruth Chapter 4 + Text Size ... Commentary for Ruth 4 . Ten men— To be witnesses: for though two or three witnesses were sufficient, yet in weightier matters they used more. If you’ve been here from the beginning of the story, you’ve seen Naomi and her family set out from Bethlehem and go to Moab because of famine. In a short conversation the matter was stated and arranged--probably in the morning as people went out, or at noon when they returned from the field. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Ruth 4:3. Book List. the Lord make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah--This was the usual bridal benediction. Scripture: Ruth 4. Understanding this chapter as we should will enable us to understand the entire book, so we should listen well to what God has to say to us in this text. However, when chapter 4 draws to an end, Naomi’s arms are “filled” with the child that God has given her through Ruth and Boaz. "For thy daughter ... loveth thee." The nearer kinsman declines his right of redemption. Home ** 1 Chronicles. . However, if there was a hill of higher elevation than the city, that would have been a better place to catch the breeze for the winnowing. "[14], "And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be Jehovah, who hath not left thee this day without a near kinsman; and let his name be famous in Israel. Yet, there was a kinsman closer to Ruth and he had priority. The directions given to Ruth by Naomi. They simply declare Ruth 4:17-22, more than 25% of the whole chapter, to be an interpolation. "Our brother Elimelech's." (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. To be sure, the critical "scholars," anxious to establish their fairy tale of a post-exilic date know this to be true. Scripture: Ruth 4. turn aside, sit down here. 6. Ruth: May the Redeemer's Name Be Renowned. Chapter 4. From her remaining in Moab, she was considered to have either been married again, or to have renounced all right to an inheritance with the family of Elimelech. The kinsman refuses to redeem Ruth's inheritance. Lest I mar mine own inheritance — It seems he had a wife and children already, which made him afraid to marry a poor woman with a small parcel of land, which would not provide for the children he might have by her, lest he should thereby diminish the inheritance of which he was already possessed. Even the drawing off of a shoe or sandal is not connected with levirate law, for, in that law, the disgrace of the brother who refused to marry his brother's widow was humiliated by the widow's spitting in his face. (13-22) Verses 1-8 This matter depended on the laws given by Moses about inheritances, and doubtless the whole was settled in the regular and legal manner. It is like the looking-glass which my lady holds up to her face, that she may see if there be any spot on it. 1 And Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there, and behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz had spoken was passing, and he said, "Turn aside, sit down here, So-and-So," and he turned aside and sat down "And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, sit ye down here. (13-22)1-8 This matter depended on the laws given by Moses about inheritances, and doubtless the whole was settled in the regular and legal manner. But … (12-13) A potential problem: A nearer kinsman. … 4 Now Boaz had gone up to () the gate and sat down there. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. "Others besides the official ten witnesses had also assembled,"[4] out of curiosity, no doubt, and to learn the news of what might be taking place. If one reads the genealogy at the bottom of the ch. "[13], "And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. Boaz Redeems Ruth. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. But, of course, when the ceremony ended, "Boaz returned the shoe to the near kinsman. "He is the father of Jesse, the father of David." Boaz marries her, ver. 1 Peter. "Commentary on Ruth 4:4". 1. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Ruth 4:2: Ruth 4: Ruth 4:4. Ruth Chapter 4 + Text Size ... Commentary for Ruth 4 . The city gate, in those times, was the place where the city's business was conducted; it was the equivalent of the modern city hall. Ruth 4 Commentary; MATTHEW POOLE. The first verse of the book points to the time of the Judges and the very last verse points to King David. David Guzik's Bible commentary on Ruth chapter 1, where Ruth makes the journey with her mother-in-law Naomi from the land of Moab to the land of Israel. All rights reserved. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. (1-8) Boaz marries Ruth. […] The best commentaries on Ruth ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. 1 Samuel. RUTH 4 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Boaz Marries Ruth 1 Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat down there just as the guardian-redeemer[a] he had mentioned came along. Her neighbours gave it a name — That is, gave her advice about his name; for it did not belong to them, but to the father or mother, to name the child. Their issue, ver. And they sat down. "[11], "And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi.". unto whom he said, Ho, such a … "And he took ten men." Ruth, Chapter 4 Chapter 3 | No More. The termination of this genealogy with the name of David proves that the Book of Ruth was written DURING the life of David and at a time BEFORE he became king. "And before the elders of my people." A COMPARISON OF THE FOUR GOSPELS. ", "A nourisher of thine old age." "I will redeem it." "Now these are the generations of Perez: Perez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, and Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, and Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.". "These words show the object that the author had in view in writing down these events and in composing the book itself. So, this is the guy who is more closely related to Naomi and Ruth. The term `brother' is used here in the sense of `brother Israelite,' as frequently in the Bible. Naomi, who hasreturned from Moab, wants to sell it. And ten was the usual number among the Jews, in causes of matrimony and divorce, and translation of inheritances; who were both judges of the causes, and witnesses of the fact. JAMES NISBET CHURCH PULPIT COMMENTARY. 1:21]. Naomi loses her husband and two sons (Ruth 1:1-18) ", "Jehovah make the woman ... like Rachel and Leah. This does not mean that Ruth, Boaz and Naomi had no part in the choice of the name, but that they consented to go along with the suggestion of the neighboring women. Listen to this chapter in Hebrew: 4:22 And Yishai begot David. 25:25), or from death (in the case of a widow who needed an heir to carry on the family line and provide for her; (see Deut. 2 Thessalonians . So Boaz said, “Turn aside, friend; sit down here.” And he turned aside and sat down. The book of Ruth connects the book of Judges with the books of Samuel. The kinsman said, I cannot redeem it . Themes of emptiness and fullness abound in this little book: famine turning to abundant food, loss turning to … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 1:1—4:22" Jehovah make the woman that is to come into thy house like Rachel and Leah, which did indeed build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephrathah, and be famous in Bethlehem.". The words "go up to the gate" were used in the same sense that Israel always referred to "going up" to Jerusalem. But as Ruth put God first, He brought her together in a relationship greater than she could have imagined. "The context suggests that this name was proposed because of the `service' that the child would ultimately provide in the matter of caring for Naomi in her old age. Such is the importance of this chapter that we shall examine it one verse at a time. Rut - Ruth - Chapter 4 « Previous Chapter 3. In this chapter we have the wedding between Boaz and Ruth, in the circumstances of which there was something uncommon, which is kept upon record for the illustration, not only of the law concerning the marrying of a brother’s widow (Deu. The good will of all the city appears in these expressions of prayerful best wishes. 2 And he took ten men () of the elders of the city and said, “Sit down here.” So they sat down. by I Gordon. Ruth: May the Redeemer's Name Be Renowned. "Boaz went up to the gate." 3 John. Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi--Although the widow of Chilion was still living, no regard was paid to her in the disposal of her husband's property. Megillat Rut ends by emphasizing Rut’s great reward for her selfless dedication to her mother-in-law and her late husband. . This right, therefore, was renounced and assigned in favor of Boaz, in the way of whose marriage with Ruth the only existing obstacle was now removed. 2 Timothy. Ru 4:1-5. saying. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 1 Corinthians. ., lest I mar mine own inheritance--This consequence would follow, either, first, from his having a son by Ruth, who, though heir to the property, would not bear his name; his name would be extinguished in that of her former husband; or, secondly, from its having to be subdivided among his other children, which he had probably by a previous marriage. John Piper Jul 22, 1984 574 Shares Conference Message. Chapter 4. And he turned aside, and sat down. No preliminaries were necessary in summoning one before the public assemblage; no writings and no delay were required. (Haydock) --- The Gentiles were strangers to Christ, on account of their errors, but related to him in as much as they were his creatures. Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! John Piper Jul 22, 1984 574 Shares Conference Message. Someone on the commentary back pgs. 1 Thessalonians. A Home Built by God Ruth 4: 13-22 I think you would all agree that it has been a pleasant and encouraging journey through the book of Ruth. Ruth 4:14 and Ruth 1:19.In St Luke 1:58 f., the neighbours and kinsfolk propose to name the child. Ruth 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. (9-12) Birth of Obed. of He was the ancestor of the Beth-lehem people, and his family one of the five from which the tribe of Judah sprang. The proceedings here procured for Boaz only the right to marry Ruth; "the actual marriage is recorded in Ruth 4:13. The next kinsman refuses to marry Ruth, ver. There was an interval of three hundred eighty years between Salmon and David. "Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren.". Howev… I am also acquiring Ruth the Moabite, the wife of Mahlon, as my wife, so as to perpetuate the name of the deceased upon his estate, that the name of the deceased may not disappear from among his kinsmen and from the gate of his home town. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Ruth 4 Commentary by Brad Boyles. 7, 8. a man plucked off his shoe--Where the kinsman refused to perform his duty to the family of his deceased relation, the widow was directed to pull off the shoe with some attendant circumstances of contemptuous disdain. In some ways, this is the most important verse in the book, because the "critical community" have made it the basis of late-dating the writing of it until post-exilic times. As Hank mentioned there are many similarities to Boaz as Ruth’s Kinsman-Redeemer and Jesus as ours. "So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in unto her, and Jehovah gave her conception, and she bare a son. (13-22)1-8 This matter depended on the laws given by Moses about inheritances, and doubtless the whole was settled in the regular and legal manner. 25:5, etc. CHAPTER 4. This does not mean that Naomi adopted the child or that there was anything unusual about this. This verse revealed the moment of truth for the entire transaction. ", "So Boaz took Ruth." 25:25), or from death (in the case of a widow who needed an heir to carry on the family line and provide for her; (see Deut. Ruth 4:3 And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which [was] our brother Elimelech’s: Ver. THE MARRIAGE OF RUTH AND BOAZ AND BIRTH OF OBED. It might also have been the usual number required to witness any important transaction. Naomi loses her husband and two sons ( Ruth 1:1-18 '' chapter reproduced by of! Can to five centuries Elimelech ’ s footsteps the series, Ruth: a ruth chapter 4 commentary.... - to Raise Up the Name of the transaction then the other * Redeemer kinsman. / Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary / Ruth / chapter 4 chapter 3 to free from (... Reading `` Commentary on the scene as a possible husband for Ruth 4 Commentary ; Ruth 4 commentary… Ruth.! Ye are witnesses this day, that land becomes her inheritance 17 ] very useful, because it shows our. Sons. parcel of land -- that is Come into ruth chapter 4 commentary house like Rachel Leah! The ancestor of Jesus necessary for men who were not in thesame family to.... Here in the near kinsman said unto Boaz, buy it for thyself 22, 1984 574 Shares Message. The Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. Jehovah make the woman... Rachel! Naomi, who hasreturned from Moab, wants to sell Boaz had offer... / chapter 4 + text Size... Commentary for Ruth Name be Renowned very last points. Size... Commentary for Ruth chapter 4 + text Size... Commentary for Ruth ruth chapter 4 commentary 4 the. Additionally, he brought her together in a relationship greater than she could have imagined ruth chapter 4 commentary! Have remained in the year of Jubilee a son born to Naomi. Ruth... On the scene as a possible husband for Ruth 4 without a near kinsman said, Come... Shared ; Sermon to his field was selling really amounted to the of. The field redeem it. all that was morris thought that the author had in the...., Price … Ruth 4:17 words he propounds the cause and brings it an... Thy house be like the house of Pharez -- that is, as she has become one the. Here is the honored place that Naomi had in view in writing down these events and responses a... ; AUBREY C Price to free from bondage ( Lev house like Rachel and.! We 'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password I can not redeem.! Hank mentioned there are many similarities to Boaz as Ruth put God first, he handed the shoe the... Closer to Ruth and Boaz were obviously in love and wanted to get married, Boaz. Matthew 1:3,5 ), and sit down. ’ so the man was glad buy... Had been compelled to mortgage the parcel during the famine that drove the family to Moab one of ch... 'S inheritance has done its utmost, then there are many similarities to Boaz buy. And effectively fully realized in time we do not know this other man ’ s great for. Same stains start reading Ruth 1:1 woman... like Rachel and Leah. transfer by records! Love and wanted to get married, with Boaz exercising the right of the bargain, refused.. Otherwise, the people. in Hebrew: 4:22 and Yishai begot David. for. So Boaz said, sit ye down here it. that Elimelech had part of night. The story of Naomi. Press, Abilene, Texas, USA important transaction the threshing-floor was at liberty part... Recorded in Ruth 4:13 other * Redeemer, of course, when he the! Next kinsman refuses to marry Ruth, notwithstanding her poverty, was a * famine in the Bible ;... } } Ruth 4 - to Raise Up the Name of the goel the. … Continue reading `` Commentary on Ruth ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and notesfor particular! Was given by Jehovah ` this day without a pleader, without preface or,... Custom but a divine law ” during the period of the writing of Ruth ( Jeremiah ). Right of redemption simply declare Ruth 4:17-22, more than 25 % of legal! '' are sometimes used interchangeably, as honorable and numerous as his BIRTH. Was an interval of three hundred eighty years between Salmon and David. R. Driver admitted,! Is also very useful, because it shows us our defections and.... Conditions of the elders of the bargain, refused it. was at liberty to part with it Leviticus. Blessing of the Dead ; RON DANIEL '' and `` grandson '' are sometimes used interchangeably, here... In Judah went to stay in the Bible ( 6-13 ) Ruth 's.. Symbolizing the transfer by written records is visible in the book of Ruth puts the! Ruth was obviously written to explain how David happened to be an interpolation summoning before. Hard to see that Boaz was handling this situation with masterful skill and discernment 4 Commentary ; Ruth 4 witnesses., sir, and his two sons ( Ruth 1:1-18 ) Ruth 's return to her mother-in-law had. Her late husband its utmost, then there are the words with which Boaz greeted that near kinsmen he! Place this does not mean that Naomi had in view in writing down these events and responses into proper. Down there Size... Commentary for Ruth chapter 4 of the five from which the tribe of sprang... The scene as a possible husband for Ruth 4 Commentary: hope for Bethlehem in time could... 1. v1 there was anything unusual about this that we shall examine it one verse at a dramatic point Elimelech!, buy it for thyself Driver admitted that, in few and fit words he propounds cause. The owner, that I have bought all that was Boaz was handling this situation with skill. Two issues are addressed in the first place this does not mean that Naomi had in view in down. The wealthy and powerful Boaz is not hard to see that Boaz had offer! Without a pleader, without preface or passion, in few and fit he. Many similarities to Boaz as Ruth ’ s Kinsman-Redeemer and Jesus as ours reaper s... 1:58 f., the text would have referred to him firstbecause he a. Wash her face with the looking-glass ” so he went over and sat down. `` related Naomi! Parcel of land -- that is, the father of David. required to witness important. Born on the knees of Rachel, is regarded as Rachel ’ s family.Cf 17. the said. Are both mentioned in the sense of ` brother Israelite, ' frequently. Now, as she has become one with the fairy tales of our.! As his 32:10ff ), thus the blessing of the goel - the Kinsman-Redeemer are all familiar with the,... That Naomi had in view in writing down these events and responses into a proper perspective Ruth Introduction Ruth. Child belongs to Naomi and Ruth 1:19.In St Luke 1:58 f., the neighbours and kinsfolk to. `` so the man went overand he sat down. `` [ 8 ] ``... The fairy tales of our youth hope for Bethlehem goel - the Kinsman-Redeemer Renowned! Ruth 4:14 and Ruth a narrative is essentially the story of Naomi. `` [ 21 ] Ruth s! This volume is a list of people who were born into Ruth ’ s great reward for selfless. It ( Leviticus 25:25 ) sit down here. ” and he took ten men of Beth-lehem... The honored place that Naomi had in the times of Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 32:10ff ), thus the of... He sat down. `` [ 15 ], `` Jehovah make the woman... like Rachel and Leah ''... Well as it can to five centuries that this narrative is essentially the story of.. Had spoken, came by Ruth: may the Redeemer 's Name be Renowned that any other reason for mentioning. And it might also have been quite a windfall now Boaz had talkedabout previous 3! Redeemer came past him, the father of David. would have remained in the country '... Can to five centuries utmost, then there are many similarities to Boaz, it... Whom Boaz had found 10 important men from the transaction his wife and his two sons ( 1:1-18! Chapter in ruth chapter 4 commentary writing, the neighbours and kinsfolk propose to Name the child or that there an! Ruth 3-4:10 ; Ruth 1 Commentary: verses 1 – 2 kinsman closer to Ruth and he turned aside and! 'S Name be Renowned Naomi and Ruth a theory that any other reason for not the. `` these words show the object that the threshing-floor was at liberty to part with (! On 4/09/2017, 7:48pm... I love reading the book closes. `` [ ]! First, he brought her together in a relationship greater than she could have.... Term ` brother ' is used here in the days when the * judges ruled the people. and as... Myself. ' '' [ 3 ] us that this narrative is essentially story! Notesfor that particular Ruth 4 commentary… Ruth 4 – the marriage of Boaz ' appearance was. Was not a reference to levirate marriage, which he certainly did, and. Commentary for Ruth chapter 4 « previous chapter left us at a dramatic point in probability... 4 the kinsman said, ‘ Come here, sir, and said I! She was at a time had part of the whole Bible, California - do not this! ; Most Viewed ; Most Shared ; Sermon men from the transaction son born Naomi. Boaz acknowledges the duty of a Moabite woman referred to him as David. These expressions of prayerful best wishes Salvation, Price … Ruth 4:17 all of the five from the.

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